Befolkningens holdninger til alkoholpolitikken. En analyse av sammenhengen mellom alkoholpolitikken og folkemeningen i perioden fra 1962 og fram til i dag

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Befolkningens holdninger til alkoholpolitikken. En analyse av sammenhengen mellom alkoholpolitikken og folkemeningen i perioden fra 1962 og fram til i dag
Østhus, Ståle
SIRUS-rapport 3/2005
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dc.contributor.authorØsthus, Ståle-
dc.identifier.citationSIRUS-rapport 3/2005en
dc.description.abstractNORSK SAMMENDRAG: Rapporten bygger på analyser av ni spørreundersøkelser som SIFA/SIRUS har gjennomført mellom 1962 og 2004. Ved å koble undersøkelsene sammen kan man se på endringer i holdninger til alkoholpolitikken over tid, og i ulike sosiale grupper. Det har skjedd en liberaliseringen av alkoholpolitikken i perioden, som særlig har hatt betydning for folks alminnelige tilgang til legal alkohol. Denne liberaliseringen ser ut til å ha hatt god støtte i befolkningen. Rapporten peker på flere årsaker til dette. Blant de viktigste er at den tradisjonelt mest restriktive gruppen, nemlig de som sjelden eller aldri selv drikker alkohol, både har krympet i antall og blitt mindre restriktive. Rapporten konkluderer med at den viktigste skillelinjen i den alkoholpolitiske debatten ikke lenger går mellom en alkoholrestriktiv og en alkoholliberal side i befolkningen. Et slikt skille ser ut til å være mer treffende for situasjonen på 1960- og -70-tallet. I dag ser det ut til at det viktigste skillet heller går mellom dem som ønsker en mer liberal alkoholpolitikk på den ene siden og dem som slutter opp om politikken på den andre.en
dc.description.abstractENGLISH SUMMARY: n recent years increasing attention has been devoted to the association between public opinion and alcohol policy. This report presents trend data concerning public opinion on alcohol policy in Norway since the early 1960s. The data is comprised of nine surveys of representative samples of the Norwegian adult population in the period 1962-2004 (in 1962, 1966, 1973, 1979, 1985, 1991, 1994, 1999 and 2004), and primarily analysed by means of logistic regression. Since the early 1960s the support for more restrictive alcohol regulations has decreased while the support for more liberal rules has increased. In all of the surveys the majority nevertheless have been in favour of the current rules, both in their home municipality and in the country as a whole.The proportion in favour of the alcohol policy more generally has also increased, even though an overwhelming majority thinks the Norwegian alcohol prices are too high and a, somewhat smaller, majority has been in favour of wine in the supermarkets since the mid 1990s (as opposed to the current state monopoly on retail sale of wines and spirits). An increasingly liberal alcohol policy since the early 1960s, which in particular has lead to a general increase in the availability of legal alcohol, therefore seem to have been well in line with public opinion. There need not be any contradiction between the increasing support for further liberalisation and a more liberal alcohol policy. One possibility is that the public opinion has a strong influence on the alcohol policy, and that political changes has not kept upwith more rapid, liberal changes in the public opinion. Another possibility however, is that a more liberal alcohol policy by itself have produced an increasing demand for further liberalisation. Since a more liberal alcohol policy generally both produces more drinkers and more heavy drinkers, this also means that more people will have a personal interest in removing the restrictions on their own consumption. It is however not easy to determine if it primarily is the alcohol policy who has affected the public opinion, if it primarily is the other way around or if other factors has affected both.The regression analysis results, however, shows that attitudes to alcohol policy are closely related to how often people drink. The increased alcohol consumption level, which is not unreasonable to see in association with the increased availability of legal alcohol, is therefore also connected to a liberal trend in the public opinion since the early 1960s. Especially important however, has it been that the traditionally most restrictive group, namely those who never, or almost never, drink alcohol, both have become fewer in numbers and less restrictive towards the alcohol policy.Thosewho never, or almost never, drink alcohol have always been, and still are, overrepresented among the supporters of further restrictions. The decrease in the proportion of non-drinkers in the 1960s is therefore also connected to the decreasing support for further restrictions in this period. One would perhaps expect the attitudes within this group to be increasingly restrictive in line with such a development. It is for instance not unreasonable to expect that thosewho first change their status from non-drinker to drinker also will be thosewho are the most liberal to beginwith.Thiswas however not the case. During a relatively short period of time in the early 1980s, the dominant opinion among non-drinkers shifted from support of further restrictions to support of the status quo. This has in turn lead to an considerably decreased support of further restrictions in the population since the mid 1980s. It is possible that much of the sudden shift in non-drinkers attitudes to the alcohol policy is associated bothwith several increases in the alcohol tax level in the early 1980s and with working conflicts atVinmonopolet, who made it virtually impossible to buy wine and spirits for shorter or longer periods of time. In this context one can easily imagine that moderate and heavy drinkers became less satisfied than before, which in turn may have lead to feelings among many non-drinkers that the struggle formore restrictive ruleswas lost. It is also possible that many then felt amore pressing need to defend the status quo, and thereby avoid further liberal changes, than to fight for further restrictions.Today it also seems to be the case that the most important frontier in the public debate on alcohol policy no longer divides the population in a restrictive and a liberal part. Such a description seems to be more adequate for the situation during the 1960s and the1970s.The main frontier today seems to a larger extent to divide the population in supporters of amore liberal alcohol policy on the one side, and supporters of the current rules on the other.-
dc.subjectVDP::Samfunnsvitenskap: 200en
dc.subject.meshAlcohol Drinkingen
dc.subject.meshPublic Policyen
dc.subject.meshPublic Opinionen
dc.titleBefolkningens holdninger til alkoholpolitikken. En analyse av sammenhengen mellom alkoholpolitikken og folkemeningen i perioden fra 1962 og fram til i dagno
dc.typepeer revieweden
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