2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/10143/39436
Title:
Rusmiddelbruk blant personer med innvandrerbakgrunn. Oversikter fra befolkningsundersøkelser
Authors:
Vedøy, Tord Finne; Amundsen, Ellen J.
Citation:
SIRUS-rapport 1/2008
Additional Links:
http://www.sirus.no/internett/narkotika/publication/408.html

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorVedøy, Tord Finne-
dc.contributor.authorAmundsen, Ellen J.-
dc.date.accessioned2008-10-22T11:26:28Z-
dc.date.available2008-10-22T11:26:28Z-
dc.date.issued2008-03-
dc.identifier.citationSIRUS-rapport 1/2008en
dc.identifier.issn1502-8178-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10143/39436-
dc.description.abstractNORSK SAMMENDRAG: Personer med innvandrerbakgrunn fra Asia eller Afrika ser ut til å holde fast ved lavere rusmiddelbruk enn etnisk norske og vestlige innvandrere. Bruk av alkohol, hasj og snus er lavere både blant voksne og ungdom med bakgrunn fra Asia og Afrika enn blant etnisk norske, og spesielt lavt blant kvinner med slik bakgrunn. Det ser imidlertid ut til at unge kvinner med innvandrerbakgrunn fra Asia og Afrika i noen grad plukker opp norske røyke(u)vaner. Tord Finne Vedøy har sammen med forsker Ellen Amundsen gått gjennom syv ulike undersøkelser for å se hva de viser om rusmiddelbruk blant personer med innvandrerbakgrunn. Undersøkelsene dekker både ungdom og voksne og er utført av eller i samarbeid med SIRUS i perioden 2000-2007. Voksne personer født i Norge hadde hyppigst drukket og vært beruset. Andelen voksne personer født i Asia som hadde drukket alkohol og/eller vært beruset var vesentlig lavere. Likeledes var andelen som hadde drukket og/eller vært beruset blant muslimer vesentlig lavere enn blant kristne (statskirken) og personer uten religiøs tilhørighet. Røyking blant voksne varierte mindre enn alkoholbruk mellom grupper med ulik landbakgrunn. For alle grupper i alle undersøkelser var andelen som røykte daglig mindre eller lik 30 %. Røyking var minst utbredt blant de unge voksne i aldersgruppen 21 til 30 år på tvers av landbakgrunn. Religiøs tilhørighet ser ikke ut til å påvirke røyking i særlig grad. Bruk av snus var lite utbredt blant personer med innvandrerbakgrunn. Selv blant personer født i Norge var andelen personer som brukte snus daglig lav og varierte mellom 4 og 10 %. I likhet med snus var bruk av hasj lite utbredt i den voksne befolkningen. Imidlertid fant vi at personer født i Europa eller Norge oftere hadde prøvd hasj enn personer født i Asia eller Afrika. Det ser ut til at menn i større grad enn kvinner har prøvd alle de aktuelle rusmidlene. Det ser også ut til at personer som oppga religiøs tilknytning hadde lavere bruk av rusmidler enn personer uten religiøs tilhørighet. Kvinner med asiatisk eller afrikansk bakgrunn hadde en meget begrenset bruk av alkohol, tobakk og hasj. Det er store forskjeller i bruk av alkohol blant ungdom med forskjellig landbakgrunn i alle undersøkelser. Ungdom med asiatisk eller afrikansk bakgrunn hadde i mindre grad drukket noen gang eller vært beruset enn øvrig ungdom med innvandrerbakgrunn. Som for voksne fant vi at muslimsk ungdom i mindre grad enn kristen eller ikke-religiøs ungdom hadde drukket noen gang eller vært beruset. Røyking blant unge varierte mindre etter landbakgrunn enn bruk av alkohol. Imidlertid hadde ungdom med asiatisk bakgrunn i mindre grad enn ungdom med norsk eller europeisk bakgrunn røykt noen gang eller røykte daglig. Hva angår religion ser vi at en større andel av ungdommer som oppga at de ikke hadde noen religiøs tilhørighet hadde røykt noen gang eller røykte daglig enn muslimsk eller kristen ungdom. Bruk av snus blant ungdom med innvandrerbakgrunn var liten, spesielt for ungdom med asiatisk eller afrikansk bakgrunn. På spørsmål om man hadde brukt hasj noen gang var forskjellene mindre tydelige enn for alkohol og tobakk. Flertallet av undersøkelsene blant ungdom viser at ungdom med asiatisk bakgrunn var restriktive i bruken av hasj. Ungdom med europeisk bakgrunn svarte oftest at de hadde brukt hasj.en
dc.description.abstractENGLISH SUMMARY: Data from seven surveys is used to describe the use of alcohol, cigarettes, snuff and hash among young people and adults in Oslo and Norway with dissimilar countries of origin. Based on Statistics Norway's definition of immigrants, numbers were used to designate continents. For the surveys conducted among adults, the continent was that of their own native country. Among young people, the continent stated was that of their father's country of birth. There were no alarming findings with regard to substance use among persons with an immigrant background in this summary of results from various population surveys. The use of alcohol, hashish and snuff was less common among both grown ups and youth with background from Asia and Africa, and especially low among women. It may be that young women from Asia have started to smoke to a larger extent than more grown up women from this continent. Adults born in Norway were those who had most frequently drunk alcohol and been intoxicated: About 96 to 98 per cent stated that they had drunk alcohol at some time and 42 to 85 per cent replied that they had been intoxicated. The survey figures vary. The corresponding figures for adults born in Asia varied from 51 to 70 per cent for drinking at some time and from 27 to 44 per cent for having been intoxicated. The percentages who had drunk at some time among Muslims, Christians (established church) and individuals without religious affiliation were 43, 99 and 98 per cent, respectively. . Smoking among adults varied less between groups with dissimilar countries of origin. For all groups in all surveys, the proportion who smoked daily was 30 per cent or lower. Smoking was least prevalent among young adults ages 21 to 30, regardless of country of origin. Religious affiliation does not appear to reduce smoking to any great extent. The use of snuff was not prevalent among individuals from immigrant backgrounds. Even among individuals born in Norway, the percentage who used snuff daily was low, varying from 4 to 10 per cent. As with snuff, the use of hash was not prevalent in the adult population. Meanwhile, we found that individuals born in Europe or Norway had tried hash more frequently than individuals born in Asia or Africa had. It appears that men were more likely than women to have tried all the stimulants in question. It also appears that individuals who stated a religious affiliation had a lower consumption of intoxicants than individuals without any religious affiliation. Women from Asiatic or African backgrounds had very limited use of alcohol, tobacco and hash. Among young people, we found differences in alcohol consumption among young people with different countries of origin in all the surveys. Among young people with two Norwegian-born parents, the proportion which had drunk alcohol was from 62 to 88 per cent. Between 48 and 73 per cent had been intoxicated. Among young people with two parents born abroad, the corresponding figures were 40 to 59 per cent for having drunk at some time and 31 to 53 per cent for intoxication. Young people from Asiatic or African backgrounds were less likely to have drunk at some time or been intoxicated than young people from other immigrant backgrounds. As for adults, we found that Muslim young people were less likely than Christian or non-religious young people to have drunk ever or been inebriated. Smoking among young people varied less by country of origin than the use of alcohol did. Young people from Asiatic backgrounds were less likely than young people from Norwegian or European backgrounds to have smoked ever or to smoke daily. As regards philosophy of life, we see that a larger percentage of adolescents who stated that they had no religious affiliation have smoked ever or smoke daily than Muslim or Christian young people. There was little use of snuff among young people from immigrant backgrounds, especially among young people from Asiatic or African backgrounds. Between 7 and 13 per cent of the young people with an Asiatic background had tried snuff ever and between 0 and 4 per cent used snuff daily. The corresponding figure for young people with two parents born in Norway was from 13 to 42 per cent who had used snuff ever and 2 to 10 per cent who used snuff daily. To the question of whether they had used hash ever, the differences were less clear than for alcohol and tobacco. The majority of the surveys among young people indicate that young people from Asiatic backgrounds are restrictive in their use of hash. Young people from European backgrounds usually responded that they had used hash. Girls from ethnic Norwegian backgrounds had tried both alcohol and cigarettes more often than boys from a comparable background, while the boys had more frequently tried snuff and hash. Among young people from Asiatic or African backgrounds, the main impression was that the girls used the various intoxicants to a very small extent, both compared with boys from Asiatic or African backgrounds and compared with ethnic Norwegian girls.-
dc.language.isonoen
dc.publisherSIRUSen
dc.relation.ispartofseriesSIRUS-rapporten
dc.relation.ispartofseries2008/1en
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sirus.no/internett/narkotika/publication/408.htmlen
dc.subjectVDP::Samfunnsvitenskap: 200en
dc.subject.meshSubstance-Related Disordersen
dc.subject.meshAlcohol Drinkingen
dc.subject.meshCannabisen
dc.subject.meshSmokingen
dc.subject.meshTobacco, Smokelessen
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten
dc.subject.meshEthnic Groupsen
dc.subject.meshMinority Groupsen
dc.subject.meshData Collectionen
dc.subject.meshNorwayen
dc.subject.meshStatistics-
dc.titleRusmiddelbruk blant personer med innvandrerbakgrunn. Oversikter fra befolkningsundersøkelserno
dc.typepeer revieweden
dc.typeReporten
dc.contributor.departmentNorwegian Insitute for Alcohol and Drug Researchen
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