Measuring physiotherapy performance in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: a prospective study.

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Measuring physiotherapy performance in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: a prospective study.
Jamtvedt, Gro; Dahm, Kristin Thuve; Holm, Inger; Flottorp, Signe
BMC health services research 2008, 8 (1):145
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dc.contributor.authorJamtvedt, Gro-
dc.contributor.authorDahm, Kristin Thuve-
dc.contributor.authorHolm, Inger-
dc.contributor.authorFlottorp, Signe-
dc.identifier.citationBMC health services research 2008, 8 (1):145en
dc.description.abstractABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Patients with knee osteoarthritis [OA] are commonly treated by physiotherapists in primary care. Measuring physiotherapy performance is important before developing strategies to improve quality of care. The purpose of this study is to measure physiotherapy performance in patient with knee OA by comparing clinical practice to evidence from systematic reviews. . METHODS: We developed a data collection form and invited all private practitioners in Norway [n=2798] to prospectively collect data on the management of one patient with knee OA through 12 treatment session. Actual practice was compared to findings from an overview of systematic reviews summarising the effect of physiotherapy interventions for knee OA. RESULTS: A total of 297 physiotherapists reported their management for patients with knee OA. Exercise was the most common treatment used, provided by 98% of the physiotherapists. There is high-quality evidence that exercise reduces pain and improves function in patients with knee OA. Thirty-five percent of physiotherapists used acupuncture, low-level laser therapy or transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation which has moderate-quality evidence for reducing pain. Patient education, which has moderate-quality evidence for improving psychological outcomes, was provided by 68%. Physiotherapists used a median of four different treatment modalities for each patient, and offered many treatment modalities with low-quality evidence or no evidence from systematic reviews, e.g., traction and mobilisation, massage, stretching and different types of advice. CONCLUSIONS: Exercise was used in almost all treatment sessions in the management of knee OA. This practice is desirable since it is supported by high quality evidence. Physiotherapists also provide several other treatment modalities based on evidence of moderate or low quality, or no evidence from systematic reviews. Ways to promote high quality evidence into physiotherapy practice should be identified and evaluated.en
dc.publisherBioMed Centralen
dc.subjectVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Helsetjeneste- og helseadministrasjonsforskning: 806en
dc.subjectVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Fysioterapi: 807en
dc.subject.meshOsteoarthritis, Kneeen
dc.subject.meshPhysical Therapy Modalitiesen
dc.subject.meshEvidence-Based Medicineen
dc.titleMeasuring physiotherapy performance in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee: a prospective study.en
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.typepeer revieweden
dc.contributor.departmentNorwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Servicesen
dc.identifier.journalBMC health services researchen
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