Experiences of existential problems and psychiatric nurses' ways of addressing them

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Experiences of existential problems and psychiatric nurses' ways of addressing them
Bjelland, Stine Dyste; Severinsson, Elisabeth
Nordisk sygeplejeforskning 2011,1(2):111-128
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dc.contributor.authorBjelland, Stine Dysteen
dc.contributor.authorSeverinsson, Elisabethen
dc.identifier.citationNordisk sygeplejeforskning 2011,1(2):111-128en
dc.description.abstractResearch on patients’ experiences of existential problems in psychiatric care is scarce. The aim of this study was to create a synthesis of published research about how psychiatric nurses address patients’ existential problems. Fourteen papers met the criteria for this review. Four were empirical papers focusing on patients in psychiatric care, eight had a theoretical approach, while two were on the subject of psychiatric nursing care. The findings revealed that the patients’ existential problems were related to lack of self-confidence, self-reflection, social relationships and inability to make choices. In addition, they found it difficult to take an interest in other people and felt alienated from themselves and others. Self-reflection is important for strengthening the identity of patients suffering from existential problems. Psychiatric nurses can promote a stronger identity in their patients by raising questions with a focus on self-reflection, by being present, inviting the patients into a dialogue and using different theories and models to achieve mental health. In conclusion, psychiatric nursing needs to focus to a greater extent on existential problems in order to support patients to discuss and deal with such concerns.en
dc.subjectVDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Sykepleievitenskap: 808en
dc.subject.meshPsychiatric Nursingen
dc.titleExperiences of existential problems and psychiatric nurses' ways of addressing themen
dc.typepeer revieweden
dc.contributor.departmentOslo University Hospital, Division of Mental Health and Addictionen
dc.identifier.journalNordisk sygeplejeforskningen
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