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Listeria monocytogenes infection affects a subset of Ly49-expressing NK cells in the rat.
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- Listeria monocytogenes infection affects a subset of Ly49-expressing NK cells in the rat.
- PloS one 2010, 5 (12)
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|dc.identifier.citation||PloS one 2010, 5 (12)||en|
|dc.description.abstract||NK cells are protective against certain bacterial and viral infections, and their production of IFN-γ is important for the early innate immune defence against L. monocytogenes. We have previously shown that depletion of NK cells in rats leads to increased bacterial burden upon L. monocytogenes infection, and that a subset of NK cells encompassing the majority of Ly49 receptors (Ly49s3+ NK cells) contributed to this effect. In this study, we have further investigated how the Ly49s3+ NK cell subset is affected by L. monocytogenes infection. We observed an increased percentage of Ly49s3+ NK cells in the spleen and a reduction in the bone marrow within the first 48 hrs of L. monocytogenes infection. Concomitantly, we observed increased expression levels of the inflammatory chemokine receptors CCR5 and CXCR3 by Ly49s3+ bone marrow NK cells, as compared to Ly49s3- NK cells, suggesting involvement of Ly49s3+ NK cells in the early phase of infection. However, NK cell production of IFN-γ was independent of Ly49 receptor expression. Furthermore, we observed increased expression levels of MHC class I molecules on both macrophages and NK cells during the first 48 hrs of infection, paralleled by a reduction in the surface expression of Ly49s3 on NK cells. In conclusion, L. monocytogenes infection modulates the tissue distribution of Ly49s3+ NK cells, and induces increased MHC class I expression and hence reduced surface expression of Ly49 receptors on NK cells. These changes indicate that L. monocytogenes infection may have multiple effects on NK cells in vivo, and suggests the involvement of Ly49-expressing NK cells in the immune responses towards L. monocytogenes.||en|
|dc.subject||VDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Basale medisinske, odontologiske og veterinÃ¦rmedisinske fag: 710::Medisinsk immunologi: 716||en|
|dc.subject.mesh||Bone Marrow Cells||en|
|dc.subject.mesh||Gene Expression Regulation||en|
|dc.subject.mesh||Histocompatibility Antigens Class I||en|
|dc.subject.mesh||Killer Cells, Natural||en|
|dc.subject.mesh||NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily A||en|
|dc.title||Listeria monocytogenes infection affects a subset of Ly49-expressing NK cells in the rat.||en|
|dc.contributor.department||Department of Anatomy, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Oslo, and Institute of Immunology, Oslo University Hospital, Rikshospitalet, Oslo, Norway.||en|
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