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Health and re-employment in a two year follow up of long term unemployed.
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- Health and re-employment in a two year follow up of long term unemployed.
- Journal of epidemiology and community health 1993, 47 (1):14-8
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|dc.contributor.author||Hjort, Peter Fredrik||en|
|dc.identifier.citation||Journal of epidemiology and community health 1993, 47 (1):14-8||en|
|dc.description.abstract||The aim was to examine re-employment and changes in health during a two year follow up of a representative sample of long term unemployed.||en|
|dc.description.abstract||This was a cross sectional study and a two year follow up. Health was measured by psychometric testing, Hopkins symptom checklist, General health questionnaire, and medical examination. Health related selection to continuous unemployment and recovery by re-employment was estimated by logistic regression with covariances deduced from the labour market theories of human capital and segmented labour market.||en|
|dc.description.abstract||Four municipalities in Greenland, southern Norway.||en|
|dc.description.abstract||Participants were a random sample of 17 to 63 year old people registered as unemployed for more than 12 weeks.||en|
|dc.description.abstract||In the cross sectional study, the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and somatic illness was from four to 10 times higher than in a control group of employed people. In the follow up study, there was considerable health related selection to re-employment. A psychiatric diagnosis was associated with a 70% reduction in chances of obtaining a job. Normal performance on psychometric testing showed a two to three times increased chance of re-employment. Recovery of health following re-employment was less than expected from previous studies.||en|
|dc.description.abstract||Health related selection to long term unemployment seems to explain a substantial part of the excess mental morbidity among unemployed people. An increased proportion of the long term unemployed will be vocationally handicapped as years pass, putting a heavy burden on social services.||en|
|dc.subject||VDP::Medisinske Fag: 700::Helsefag: 800::Samfunnsmedisin, sosialmedisin: 801||en|
|dc.title||Health and re-employment in a two year follow up of long term unemployed.||en|
|dc.contributor.department||National Institute of Public Health, Unit for Health Services Research, Oslo, Norway.||en|
|dc.identifier.journal||Journal of epidemiology and community health||en|
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